A Monarchy of Letters: Royal Correspondence and English by Rayne Allinson

By Rayne Allinson

Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) despatched extra letters into extra far away kingdoms than any English monarch had prior to, and her exchanges with an ever-growing variety of rulers exhibit how transferring conceptions of sovereignty have been made appear on paper. This booklet examines Elizabeth's correspondence with a number of major rulers, interpreting how her letters have been built, drafted and provided, the rhetorical recommendations used, and the function those letters performed in facilitating diplomatic kinfolk. Elizabeth's letters did greater than authorize diplomatic motion out of the country: mostly they mirrored, and occasionally even stimulated, the course of international policy.

Show description

Read or Download A Monarchy of Letters: Royal Correspondence and English Diplomacy in the Reign of Elizabeth I (Queenship and Power) PDF

Similar diplomacy books

The Principle of Mutual Recognition in the European Integration Process

Mutual acceptance (MR) signifies that each one Member country is loose to exploit the factors for creation it prefers yet can't inhibit the import from different Member States lawfully utilizing different criteria, until justified via emergency purposes. the house nation rule then prevails at the host nation. boundaries to access decrease, festival rises within the inner industry.

Franco-Irish Relations, 1500-1610: Politics, Migration and Trade (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)

The interval 1500 to 1610 witnessed a basic transformation within the nature of Franco-Irish family. In 1500 touch used to be completely in response to exchange and small-scale migration. besides the fact that, from the early 1520s to the early 1580s, the dynamics of 'normal' family have been considerably altered as unparalleled political contacts among eire and France have been cultivated.

American Exceptionalism and the Legacy of Vietnam: US Foreign Policy since 1974

American Exceptionalism and the Legacy of Vietnam examines the impact of the idea in American exceptionalism at the background of U. S. overseas coverage because the Vietnam conflict. Trevor B. McCrisken analyzes makes an attempt through every one post-Vietnam U. S. management to restore the preferred trust in exceptionalism either rhetorically and by way of pursuing overseas coverage supposedly grounded in conventional American ideas.

Additional resources for A Monarchy of Letters: Royal Correspondence and English Diplomacy in the Reign of Elizabeth I (Queenship and Power)

Example text

Limning, a common form of ornamentation used in medieval manuscripts, was also a feature of some of Elizabeth’s most special letters—especially those intended for public display, such as charters or letters patent. The famous miniaturist Nicholas Hilliard described limning as “the drawing . . of letters, vinets, flowers, armes and imagery,” including the use of “gold and silver . . 72 However, in order to save money, Elizabeth frequently “outsourced” the responsibility (and cost) of limning royal letters to merchant companies.

74 Thus, silk ribbons provided another indication of the time and expense she was willing to bestow on her correspondent. Like limning, however, silk ribbons were expensive and the thrifty queen was keen to spread the cost. On January 28, 1595, Lake described the process of readying Elizabeth’s silk-flossed letter to the Ottoman Sultan: This morning hir ma[jes]ty hath signed the l[ett]res your ho[nour] lefte with me. indd 30 3/15/2012 4:24:23 PM My Skrating Hand 31 of the privy seale are loth to beare the Charge who will to morrow attend your ho[nour] and my lo[rd] for the Seale.

32 Popham did not state what this “course” was, but in light of his reference to multiple “synyngs” it seems likely that it was for Cecil’s use of a dry stamp. Yet even if Elizabeth did approve such methods for routine domestic documents, she did not use a stamp for her foreign correspondence. ”33 Nevertheless, Elizabeth relied on her secretaries of state (also known as “principal secretaries”) for almost everything else. Three men dominated this role during Elizabeth’s reign: Sir William Cecil, after 1571 elevated to Lord Burghley (1558–1572 and 1590–1596), Sir Francis Walsingham (1573–1590), and Sir Robert Cecil (1596–1612).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 3 votes