By Mladen Domazet
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Extra info for Alice Returns From Wonderland: Ontological Frameworks for Explanation from Contemporary Quantum Theories
Some criticisms of historical development of the view popular today may help us open doors to their revision that at ﬁrst glance appeared too radical to muster. Ontology In classical times two major explanatory worldviews can be contrasted. The perversely compounded4 Aristotelian-Platonic view construed the everyday world as a confused reﬂection of an underlying reality. In Aristotle’s view this reality is given by the necessary relation between the universals, of which the observed individuals were combined instantiations.
Constructive in the narrow sense), metaphysical attitude towards existence of the unobservable theoretical entities (agnostic weak-realism vs. simple scientiﬁc realism), and the method of providing an explanation (uniﬁcation-type vs. causal). With regard to the methodological criteria, from which the two theoretical perspectives draw their names, constructive theories attempt to build a picture of more complex phenomena out of the relatively simple ontology on which they conceptually rest. Principle theories, on the other hand, employ the analytic, not the synthetic, method.
Points to the truly fundamental elements of explanation, including the ontological ones. 3. and Chapter 2). 9 I am indebted to Rhonda Martens for useful pointers on this issue. 10 As testing on isolated samples aﬀects the understanding of the whole, requiring a single cause for all the diverse phenomena, or at least a single principle behind the causes of the diverse phenomena. 34 Part I: SIMPLE PARTS, COMPLEX EXPLANATIONS Quantum theory in the historical narrative The twentieth century produced two radical revisions of the physical worldview – relativity and quantum mechanics.