America's Allies and War: Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq by J. Davidson

By J. Davidson

Why do Britain, France, and Italy supply or refuse army aid for U.S.-led makes use of of strength? This e-book offers a special, multiple-case research research of transatlantic burden-sharing. Sixty unique interviews with best policymakers and analysts supply perception into allies' judgements in regards to the Kosovo struggle (1999), Afghanistan (2001), and the Iraq conflict (2003). The instances exhibit that neoclassical realist factors--alliance price, danger, status, and electoral politics--explain allies' judgements larger than constructivist factors--identity and norms. The publication in brief covers extra instances (Vietnam, Lebanon, the Persian Gulf warfare, Somalia) and concludes with strategies for expanding destiny allied army help.

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My argument is also consistent with neoclassical realism. Neoclassical realism includes explanations of foreign policy that weigh domestic factors more heavily than traditional realist, international factors. Gideon Rose’s 1998 review essay characterizes neoclassical realists as arguing that “the scope and ambition of a country’s foreign policy is driven first and foremost by its place in the international system . . ” but “ . . the impact of such power capabilities on foreign policy is indirect and complex .

Finally, in 1992, the United States led a multinational coalition to provide sufficient security in Somalia so that famine relief could be delivered. Allied responses to American requests varied across the cases. Britain, France, and Italy refused repeated appeals for military contributions to the Vietnam War. The three countries contributed to the MNF in Lebanon and the Persian Gulf War, though the size and timing of the contributions varied. indd 31 2/11/2011 8:49:37 PM 32 ● America’s Allies and War Somalia, Britain refused the American request.

44 If the opposition adopts a critical stance in contradiction with its history and platform, it may suffer from criticism that it is pandering to the public on issues of national security. 1). 1 The neoclassical realist argument. Bold text indicates that the outcome is highly likely. Regular text indicates that the outcome is likely. Italics indicate that the outcome is somewhat likely. Irrelevant Public Opinion Public Opinion Public Opinion Oppose Low High Low Threat/Prestige Low Alliance Value Neoclassical Realist Explanation ● 21 2/11/2011 10:58:49 AM 22 ● America’s Allies and War the United States, does not see the target as a threat to its national interest (and prestige is not implicated), and public opinion opposes intervention or is irrelevant in electoral terms, it is highly likely to refuse support.

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