Applying priming methods to L2 learning, teaching and by Pavel Trofimovich, Kim McDonough

By Pavel Trofimovich, Kim McDonough

This quantity includes a choice of empirical stories which use priming tips on how to discover the comprehension, creation, and acquisition of moment language (L2) phonology, syntax, and lexicon. The time period priming refers back to the phenomenon during which earlier publicity to precise language types or meanings affects a speaker’s next language comprehension or creation. This publication brings jointly a few of the strands of priming learn right into a unmarried quantity that particularly addresses the pursuits of researchers, academics, and scholars attracted to L2 educating and studying. Chapters by means of the world over identified students characteristic quite a few priming thoughts, describe numerous psycholinguistic initiatives, and concentrate on various domain names of language wisdom and talents. The publication is conceptualized with a large viewers in brain, together with researchers no longer conversant in priming equipment and their program to L2 learn, graduate scholars in moment language acquisition and comparable disciplines, and teachers who require readings to be used of their classes.

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Spanish words were selected, from the unrelated and nonword trials in Experiment 1, to create additional word Acquiring L2 vocabulary through the use of images and words pairs following the same criteria as in the previous study. All word pairs were concrete nouns. Ten new black-and-white images and 10 new color images were matched with each new word pair. The images were selected following the same criteria as in Experiment 1. A new acquisition presentation was constructed matching the structure of the acquisition presentations in Experiment 1.

Within a word priming task, a single word or pair of words is presented for a response. Responses are sped up or facilitated if a word pair is related, or, if a single word is related to the item that preceded it. That relationship can be semantic in nature, phonological, or orthographic (see McNamara 2005; McNamara & Holbrook 2003; Neely 1991, for reviews). A typical word priming task that has been often used in the literature is the Lexical Decision Task (LDT). In this task, participants are shown a string of letters on the center of a computer screen, and their task is to decide whether or not the string of letters forms a real word, in a particular language.

Thus, each participant viewed 10 word pairs in each learning condition. ; Trofimovich & John; Williams & Cheung, this volume, for examples of alternative acquisition procedures). Three acquisition presentations were created for Experiment 2. The presentations all contained a word learning block of 10 word pairs, a black-and-white image learning block of 10 word pairs, and a color image learning block of 10 word pairs. The order of the three learning condition blocks was counterbalanced across the three acquisition presentations, such that each presentation contained a unique order of the learning conditions and each learning condition occurred in each position (first, second, or third block, in the presentation).

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