Aspect, Tense and Action in the Arabic Dialect of Beirut by Stefan Bruweleit

By Stefan Bruweleit

The linguistic different types of element, annoying and motion are heavily interrelated. within the first a part of Aspect, demanding and motion within the Arabic dialect of Beirut, Stefan Bruweleit defines the 3 different types and describes the interaction among them at a metagrammatical point. within the subsequent components he applies the theoretical findings of the 1st half to the Arabic dialect of Beirut, investigates the methods temporal, aspectual and actional different types are expressed and indicates how one can make a decision no matter if the verb method of the dialect should be considered as aspectual or as temporal. one of many major result of the paintings is the truth that an intensive figuring out of a verb procedure is simply attainable via an knowing of the categorial interaction of element, demanding and motion.

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A conditioned habitual etc. situation, on the other hand, can be conceived of as imperfective: a. Whenever I went past his house, I saw him sitting in the garden. (cf. above, chapt. 1) Now let us shift attention to the perfective aspect. The conditioned situations mentioned above are not only compatible with imperfectivity but also with perfectivity: b. Whenever I came home, my brother had already read the newspaper. Things are somewhat different with the unconditioned counterparts of these categories and stative situations.

The Categorial Interplay 39 Examples: a. Dogs bark (– Tense, – Aspect) b. 3 Action and Tense The category of action is subdivided into the subcategories + ac and—ac. From among the situations classified as non-actional, we have to mention extratemporal situations first. The corresponding rules may seem trivial, but for the sake of completeness they are listed here nevertheless. c above. It goes without saying that situations which are restricted to a limited period of time are compatible with this period only.

The relationship is a mutual one. This is not necessarily always the case. He has come implies that he is here now, but he is here now does not automatically mean that he has come, it is also possible that he has never left. It is not always easy to decide whether the event or the state is regarded as more important. In He has taken a seat, the focus seems to be on the event, whereas the resulting state, that can also be expressed by the less ambiguous he is sitting, is felt to be a mere implicature.

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