Attitudes to endangered languages : identities and policies by Julia Sallabank

By Julia Sallabank

"Language attitudes and ideologies are of key value in assessing the possibilities of good fortune of revitalisation efforts for endangered languages. although, few book-length stories relate attitudes to language rules, or handle the altering attitudes of non-speakers and the motivations of individuals of language hobbies. via a mix of ethnographic learn and quantitative surveys, this publication provides an  Read more...

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As Fishman (1991: 19) notes, those who wish to reverse language shift ‘should not be embarrassed about the fact that theirs is basically a value position (a position relative to the ethnocultural saliency, content and regulation of their lives), because the position of their opponents is also no more than a value position’. Although Brumfit (2006) too claims that ‘while for linguists the term “language” may have outlived whatever usefulness it ever had’, he concedes that ‘it retains its potency as a political construct’.

Many authors treat language ‘policy’ and ‘planning’ almost synonymously, and there is also considerable lack of clarity in the literature in distinguishing policy from planning or practice. Yet given the ‘weak linkages’ between policy declarations and implementation observed by Romaine (2002), it seems imperative to study the formulation of policy and how it might be put into effect. Edwards 1984; Grin 1999; Hansen 2001; Ferrer 2004; Heinrich 2004; Coluzzi 2005; Hornberger 2006). There is also a lack of well-defined models for analysing and comparing different policy approaches, or ways to evaluate outcomes that can be applied across different settings (Ricento 2006: 18).

Tourism increased, bringing yet more English speakers, and the advent of mass media brought English into the home, and influenced aspirations and lifestyle. As noted by Wilson et al. 17 The main trading partner is the UK: culturally and economically the islands are overwhelmingly oriented towards the UK. During the First and Second world wars, non-British nationals were interned in the Isle of Man, plus prisoners of war during the Second World War. In the occupied Channel Islands, Alderney became a prison camp for workers brought in by the Germans to build fortifications (mainly from Eastern Europe).

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