Between Slavery and Freedom: Philosophy and American Slavery by Howard McGary, Bill E Lawson

By Howard McGary, Bill E Lawson

Utilizing the writings of slaves and previous slaves, in addition to commentaries on slavery, "Between Slavery and Freedom" explores the yank slave adventure to achieve a greater realizing of six ethical and political strategies - oppression, paternalism, resistance, political legal responsibility, citizenship, and forgiveness. The authors use analytical philosophy in addition to different disciplines to achieve perception into the contemplating a gaggle of individuals avoided from partaking within the social/political discourse in their occasions. "Between Slavery and Freedom" rejects the suggestion that philosophers don't need to contemplate person adventure simply because philosophy is 'impartial' and 'universal'. A thinker also needs to take account of concerns which are basically perspectival, similar to the slave event. McGary and Lawson exhibit the contribution of all human event, together with slave studies, to the search for human wisdom and knowing.

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B's explanation also counts as an excuse and possibly as a justification for slaveholders' owning of slaves. " For example, the noted historian of slavery Eugene Genovese writes: Paternalism and Slavery 19 For the slaveholders paternalism represented an attempt to overcome the fundamental contradiction in slavery: the impossibility of the slaves' ever becoming the things they were supposed to be. Paternalism defined the involuntary labor of the slaves as legitimate return to their masters for protection and direction.

As the quotation above demonstrates, Genovese sees the paternalism of slavery as a viable explanation for the lack of solidarity among slaves. It is clear to me that Genovese does not intentionally wish to cast the slaveholders and the institution of slavery in a positive light, but some historians have deliberately used the paternalistic explanation to excuse slaveholders and slavery. For example, William K. Scarborough, in his article "Slavery-The White Man's Burden," writes: Professor Genovese has elucidated with remarkable perception the paternalistic relationship which bound together masters and slaves in the Old South.

Some slaveholders did contend that slaves in their natural state were heathens, that it was their duty to educate them in Christian ways, and that slavery was necessary in order to do this. The crucial term here is the necessity of slavery to educate slaves. Clearly there were less coer- 28 Between Slavery and Freedom cive and morally acceptable means for converting slaves to Christianity. But let us suppose that there were not more appropriate means available for educating newly acquired adult slaves.

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