By Valerie C. Johnson
The country’s greatest focus of African American suburban affluence represents a special laboratory to review the inner elements linked to African American political ascendancy and the convergence of race and sophistication. Black strength within the Suburbs chronicles Prince George’s County, Maryland, and the twenty-three yr quest by means of African american citizens to persuade academic coverage and turn into equivalent companions within the county’s governing coalition. Johnson demanding situations traditional notions of a monolithic neighborhood by way of addressing the style within which category cleavages between African americans have an effect on their illustration and coverage pursuits in suburbia. She additionally records white resistance to energy sharing and the effect of college desegregation on white inhabitants traits.
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Extra info for Black Power in the Suburbs: The Myth or Reality of African American Suburban Political Incorporation
The study does not attempt to measure the outcomes of various policies but rather to identify those policies that seek to reconcile disparities. Another important factor relating to the treatment of policy demands is the extent to which programs that are initiated and implemented are symbolic 32903_SP_JOH_CH01_001-022 18 8/13/02, 9:19 PM African-American Suburban Political Incorporation 19 in nature rather than substantive. Policy demands that do not directly address educational disparities are not included in the study, however, an attempt is made to include all of those policy demands that African-American ofﬁcials and community members believe are an effective tool to eliminating educational disparities.
32903_SP_JOH_CH02_023-044 29 8/13/02, 9:21 PM 30 PRINCE GEORGE’S COUNTY Although the original aim of the “in-group” was to foster unity among members of the county’s Democratic Party, the party has had a history of fragmentation. The division within the party has roots in the battle over control of county government between the Sasscer organization and the reformers. Current divisions, however, are not based on ideological differences or divergent policy orientations but on the politics of personality and the ﬁght for control between the state and county contingencies of the county government.
S. Bureau of the Census, Census of the Population, Housing Characteristics: Homeowner and Renter Characteristics: 1970, 1980 & 1990 reports. 6 percent of Montgomery County’s occupied housing units were renter occupied, compared to Prince George’s County’s rate of 50 percent. By 1980, the proportion declined in Prince George’s County to 45 percent, however, the proportion of owner-occupied housing units in Montgomery County (65%) still far exceeded the proportion in Prince George’s County by ten percentage points.