Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil by John David Smith

By John David Smith

Encouraged and knowledgeable through the newest learn in African American, army, and social heritage, the fourteen unique essays during this e-book inform the tales of the African American infantrymen who fought for the Union reason. jointly, those essays probe the huge army, political, and social importance of black squaddies' armed provider, enriching our knowing of the Civil battle and African American existence in the course of and after the clash. The members are Anne J. Bailey, Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr., John Cimprich, Lawrence Lee Hewitt, Richard Lowe, Thomas D. Mays, Michael T. Meier, Edwin S. Redkey, Richard Reid, William Glenn Robertson, John David Smith, Noah Andre Trudeau, Keith Wilson, and Robert J. Zalimas, Jr.

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Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil War Era

Encouraged and educated by means of the most recent examine in African American, army, and social heritage, the fourteen unique essays during this e-book inform the tales of the African American infantrymen who fought for the Union reason. jointly, those essays probe the extensive army, political, and social importance of black infantrymen' armed provider, enriching our realizing of the Civil conflict and African American lifestyles in the course of and after the clash.

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Lacking Federal authority, the irrepressible Lane nevertheless recruited, largely from among fugitive slaves from Arkansas and Missouri, what became the st Kansas Colored Volunteers. 41 Hunter and Phelps, in South Carolina and Louisiana, respectively, encountered more difficulties in their crusades to enlist black troops. ’’ Late in , for example, Hunter, then posted in Kansas, proposed invading Kentucky and then moving south, ‘‘proclaiming the negro free and arming him as I go. The Great God of the Universe has determined that this is the only way in which this war is to be ended, and the sooner it is done the better.

Though many Northerners, the president included, wondered whether forced manumissions by the government would be tested in the courts following the war, most persons agreed that wartime emancipation signaled the death knell of slavery in America once and for all. Lincoln more than hinted at this when in July  he addressed a group of border state politicians, urging them to accept gradual, compensated emancipation as military necessity and adroit economics. The president explained: The incidents of the war can not be avoided.

A month later Lincoln confided to General Nathaniel P. ’’ ‘‘The colored population is the great available and yet unavailed of, force for restoring the Union,’’ the president informed Military Governor Andrew Johnson of Tennessee. ’’ 48 Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase agreed. ‘‘The American blacks must be called into this conflict,’’ he told a friend in April , ‘‘not as cattle, not now even as contrabands, but as men. . We need their good will and must make them our friends, by showing ourselves their friends.

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