By Alan Farmer
The fourth variation of this bestselling identify charts the process British international coverage from the top of the 1st global struggle and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and fiscal results of the second one global conflict. there's a specific concentration and research of the difficulty of appeasement during the interval, particularly within the run-up to the second one international warfare. Public opinion and the function of key members is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the factors of and purposes for British international rules around the period.
Throughout the e-book, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written via examiners give you the chance to improve examination skills.
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Additional info for Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960
The great world-wide depression of the 1930s came out of the blue. Few had predicted it. Fewer still could foresee its political repercussions and the effect they would have on British foreign policy. S. Churchill, The Second World War: Vol. 1 The Gathering Storm (Cassell, 1948). W. Doerr, British Foreign Policy, 1919–1939 (Manchester University Press, 1998). S. Marks, The Illusion of Peace: International Relations in Europe, 1918–1933 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003). The Illusion of Peace 1919–31 | 47 Study Guide: AS Questions In the style of AQA (a) Explain why the Locarno Treaties were signed in 1925.
Thus began a bizarre triangular ﬂow of money between the USA and Europe. US loans enabled Germany to pay reparations to France and Britain which in turn helped Britain and France to repay their US war debts. Most historians consider the occupation of the Ruhr as a defeat for France. Ultimately it had been forced to accept a substantial revision of reparations and had gained nothing in return. The Locarno Pact • Germany was to be welcomed into the League of Nations in 1926. • Germany’s western frontiers with France and Belgium were accepted as ﬁnal and were guaranteed by Britain and Italy.
The important questions of the day were settled in the hotel rooms of the Foreign Ministers of Britain, France, Italy and (after 1926) Germany. The small states were helpless in the face of the reality of great power politics. 42 | British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a Cost? 1919–60 Summary diagram: The League of Nations The League of Nations (based in Geneva) Council of the League The Assembly Britain, France, Italy, Japan and four others All member states (over 50 states) Covenant of the League Articles British support for League Labour Party League of Nations Union Conservative Party Some success for League in 1920s But • League had no military force of its own • Lacked USA, USSR and Germany (until 1926) • Most decisions made by Britain, France and Italy 10 | Disarmament In 1919 the Allies had disarmed Germany, a move seen by some as the ﬁrst step in the process of general world disarmament.