Carrying Jackie's Torch: The Players Who Integrated by Steve Jacobson

By Steve Jacobson

The true and painful struggles of the black avid gamers who Jackie Robinson into significant and minor league baseball from 1947 via 1968 are chronicled during this compelling quantity. gamers percentage their own and infrequently heart-wrenching tales of severe racism, either off and on the sector, combined with a occasionally begrudged appreciation for his or her great abilities. tales contain incidents of white avid gamers who gave up promising careers in baseball simply because they wouldn’t play with a black teammate, the Georgia legislation that forbade a black participant from dressing within the related clubhouse because the white avid gamers, the quotas for the variety of blacks on a workforce, and the way wage negotiations with no brokers or loose business enterprise have been similar to a plantation procedure for either black and white gamers. The 20 gamers profiled contain Ernie Banks, Alvin Jackson, Charlie Murray, Chuck Harmon, Frank Robinson, Bob Gibson, Hank Aaron, Curt Flood, Lou Brock, and Bob Watson.

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Sample text

Manley was inducted into the Hall of Fame. 373 in the AAA International League and played a month with the Giants. 510 when he was called up to be a 31–year–old rookie with the Giants. 312 and led the league with 121 RBI. Larry Doby and Jackie Robinson had talked often in their first year in the majors. So it was Doby, once a young protégé of Irvin’s in New Jersey, who spoke often with Irvin in his first year. They informed each other of who the good guys were and who the bad guys were, where they could go and where they couldn’t, and what the pitfalls of the road were.

The realistic issue always was the comparison of the best of the black players with the best of the white. There never was genuine and direct competition so there could be no definitive answer. There was always the tantalizing prism of barnstorming. Through the early 1960s the major–league season ended in the first week of October, when the weather was still warm enough for baseball, especially in the South. There were still the original 16 major–league teams, none farther south than Washington or St.

Radcliffe played for 36 years. At the same time he was pitcher, catcher, general manager, and club secretary for $650 a week. Gibson was their Babe Ruth of the payrolls. Gibson’s son recalled his father, the great man of the Negro Leagues, was paid $1,000 or $1,200 a month at the time. That was pretty good money when $80 a week was a reasonable living for most Americans. Ruth, of course, was being paid $80,000 a year then, more than even President Hoover. A Robinson changed everything. He changed things even before he got to Brooklyn.

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