By Linda A. lanz
This dissertation provides a reference grammar of the Malimiut Coastal dialect of Inupiaq (Eskimo-Aleut > Eskimo > Inuit), an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in northwestern Alaska (ISO codes ESK, IPK). sometimes called Inupiatun, it's the language of the Inupiat humans. The dissertation enhances present documentation of Inupiaq, filling gaps in our present figuring out of Inupiaq. the information offered in dissertation is the results of 5 years of study, fieldwork and research. the purpose is to give a contribution to complete documentation of the Inupiaq language, with specific specialise in morphosyntax. With nearly 2000 final audio system, customarily above 50 years of age, Inupiaq is endangered. in the Inupiat group there's a powerful dedication to language documentation and revitalization, pushed via teams akin to the Alaska local Language middle and native institution districts. the present paintings goals to supply a accomplished description of the morphosyntax of the language to the Inupiat and educational groups. It makes use of the traditional Inupiaq writing procedure (a transformed Latin script) to make it obtainable to the Inupiat neighborhood, in addition to to permit for less complicated comparability with latest texts. Examples also are glossed in IPA for ease of use through linguists and different events. After delivering an advent to the language and reviewing earlier paintings, the dissertation describes Malimiut Inupiaq phonetics and phonology, nominal and verbal morphology, syntactic different types, wordhood, constituency, and syntax. a last bankruptcy is dedicated to discussing significant findings. those contain a formerly undocumented phonological swap in development, the plain shift of /.../ (Inupiaq 'r') to the yank English /.../ in more youthful audio system and history inexperienced persons. I argue that this has a number of interrelated factors, together with age, Inupiaq literacy, declining Inupiaq utilization, and the impact of English. The dissertation additionally records case stacking in Inupiaq demonstrative adverbs and demonstrative pronouns, a phenomenon through which those phrases are marked with grammatical case two times. even though the method works another way for demonstrative adverbs and for demonstrative pronouns, either show this double case marking, that is formerly undocumented in Eskimo-Aleut. The life of case stacking on adverbs is a very fascinating discovery, since it demanding situations presently approved theories of case stacking that encourage case stacking through argument constitution. As adverbs usually are not part of argument constitution, it indicates one other mechanism for a number of case stacking has to be precious. even though japanese individuals of the Inuit dialect chain were even more widely documented, many components of Inupiaq grammar stay undocumented. This dissertation is the 1st to debate a couple of morphosyntactic themes particularly for Inupiaq, together with argument prestige, clause-level and sentence-level constituency, forms of predication, wordhood (phonological vs. morphological vs. syntactic), and clause combining. What arises out of exploring lots of those subject matters is that there's a genuine have to separate morphology and syntax in Malimiut Inupiaq. It has usually been assumed that simply because Inuit languages have so a great deal morphology — over four hundred derivational suffixes on my own — that morphology and syntax are one and a similar in those languages. although, clause combining and constituency — between different phenomena - exhibit that simply syntactic phenomena exist within the language.