Farm animals are one among our significant domesticated animals, a better mammal with advanced psychological and actual wishes. the good thing about a data of farm animals behaviour ability veterinarians and stockpeople can recognize irregular behaviour symptoms for disorder analysis and indication of an insufficient surroundings. This booklet replaces the booklet farm animals Behaviour, written by way of an identical writer and released by way of Farming Press in 1993. The textual content has been revised and up-to-date and 4 new chapters on livestock welfare were extra. the most curiosity of many examining a ebook on behaviour is its relation to the welfare of the species, so the combo of welfare and behavior is a logical one.Content:
Chapter 1 advent to farm animals Welfare (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 The Welfare of Dairy Cows (pages 10–22):
Chapter three The Welfare of red meat livestock and Draft Oxen (pages 23–29):
Chapter four The Welfare of Calves (pages 30–37):
Chapter five The Welfare of farm animals in the course of shipping, advertising and Slaughter (pages 38–48):
Chapter 6 Environmental belief and Cognition (pages 49–61):
Chapter 7 Acquisition of Behaviour and using Selective Breeding to enhance Welfare (pages 62–77):
Chapter eight Play Behaviour (pages 78–83):
Chapter nine Social Behaviour (pages 84–122):
Chapter 10 dietary Behaviour (pages 123–151):
Chapter eleven Reproductive Behaviour (pages 152–178):
Chapter 12 Locomotion and move (pages 179–197):
Chapter thirteen Resting Behaviour (pages 198–207):
Chapter 14 Behavioural edition to insufficient Environments (pages 208–216):
Chapter 15 the connection among livestock and guy (pages 217–224):
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Extra resources for Cattle Behaviour & Welfare, Second Edition
Forage intake can be reduced for periods of about three weeks by up to 40% of ad libitum intake if the forage, but more than this will cause a reduction in milk production, in particular milk protein output, and considerable losses in body weight (Phillips & Leaver, 1985a). Growing cattle do not have the buffer of reducing milk production and are potentially more at risk, especially as profit margins are usually less than for milk production. In 1998, the UK’s State Veterinary Service carried out 6592 inspections of animal welfare on farms (Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 2000), and the RSPCA reported 849 cases of cruelty involving farm animals.
There are plans to develop a number of staging posts around the EU, which will be kept in a disease-free state, by regular disinfection and resting of the area. Standards are specified for vehicles travelling over 50 km. Vehicles should be fitted with a sound roof to protect cattle from the weather if they are travelling long distances. Ventilation is vitally important and air inlets must be provided, and must be opened when the vehicle is stationary. These inlets are usually at the top of the side wall, to prevent draughts, and the aperture depth should be at least 20 cm.
The number of abattoirs licensed to EU standards is small, leading to long journeys. When they arrive the cattle may be held in lairage to allow them to recover, or they may go direct to slaughter. Lairage In terms of animal welfare, the quality of the lairage is of major importance. Lairage allows the slaughterhouse to receive animals at all times and to plan the killing efficiently without needing to slaughter as soon as animals arrive. It also allows animals an opportunity to rest, which may improve meat quality.