A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor by Earl R. Mac Cormac

By Earl R. Mac Cormac

During this ebook, Earl Mac Cormac offers an unique and unified cognitive thought of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon proof from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this conception for that means and fact with particular cognizance to metaphor as a speech act, the long-lasting which means of metaphor, and the improvement of a four-valued procedure of fact. various examples of metaphor from poetry and technological know-how are awarded and analyzed to aid Mac Cormac's idea. A Cognitive thought of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation—metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process—and unifies those through examining metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom procedure during which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the unconventional idea that every one use of language is metaphorical; although, this argument additionally acknowledges that the idea of metaphor may perhaps itself be metaphorical. The ebook first considers the computational metaphor frequently followed through cognitive psychology as an instance of metaphor requiring research. not like 3 recognized philosophical theories of metaphor—the pressure thought, the controversion thought, and the grammatical deviance theory—it develops a semantical anomaly concept of metaphor in keeping with a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the idea, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of that means, together with discussions of speech acts and the good judgment of fuzzy units. This semantical concept of rationalization is then proven to be suitable with modern mental theories of reminiscence.

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No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher. This book was set in Palatino by The MIT Press Computergraphics Department and printed and bound by Halliday Lithograph in the United States of America. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Mac Cormac, Earl R. A cognitive theory of metaphor. "A Bradford book" Bibliography: p.

This treatment of the computational metaphor serves both to illustrate the problems of metaphor and to introduce the reader to the major assumption of this study, namely, the presumption that metaphor itself can best be explained by viewing the human mind as a computational device. Under this assumption, metaphors result from the operation of a cognitive process on formal semantic structures. Much of the cognitive process, especially its creative aspects, remains hidden, but I specify some of the parameters of that process, including the organization of memory, necessary to allow the unusual juxtaposition of referents found in metaphors.

Page 1 Introduction Philosophers and psychologists face the challenge of presenting an explanatory account of metaphor that describes how one can understand the juxtaposition of referents not normally associated. Although only a decade ago the legitimacy of metaphors was vigorously debated, today metaphors are so widely accepted as proper cognitive devices that the issue has shifted to the question of how they can be described in an adequate explanatory account. We want to understand how John Donne combined the concepts of sonnets and funeral urns in his famous poem, the Canonization.

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