Contact, Variation, and Change in the History of English by Simone E. Pfenninger, Olga Timofeeva, Anne-Christine

By Simone E. Pfenninger, Olga Timofeeva, Anne-Christine Gardner, Alpo Honkapohja, Marianne Hundt, Daniel Schreier

The papers during this quantity objective at facilitating alternate among 3 fields of inquiry which are of serious significance in ancient linguistics: language swap, (socio)linguistic study on version, and get in touch with linguistics. Drawing on quite a number recently-developed methodological concepts, resembling equipment for quantifying the linguistic version (that is a prerequisite for language switch) or new corpus-based equipment for investigating text-type edition, the members may be able to hint linguistic swap in numerous sessions and make contact with events, display how version happens, and in how a long way language switch effects out of this alteration. therefore, the chapters transcend middle problems with language version and alter, targeting the boundary among be aware and grammar, discourse and beliefs within the historical past of the English language.

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Büring, Daniel. 2009. Towards a typology of focus realization. In Information Structure, Malte Zimmermann & Caroline Féry (eds), 177–205. Oxford: OUP. 0008 Campbell, George. [1776] 1963. The Philosophy of Rhetoric, Lloyd F. ). Carbondale IL: Southern Illinois University Press. First published London: Printed for W. Strahan and T. Cadell and W. Creech at Edinburgh 1776. Chafe, Wallace L. 1976. Givenness, contrastiveness, definiteness, subjects, topics, and point of view. ), 127–155. New York NY: Academic Press.

This distribution, which has – as has been shown above (cf. 3) – only been common since the Late Modern English period, thus asks for an explanation. This, as I would like to suggest in the following chapter, lies in different functions marking different kinds of information structure. 4. 1 Terminology Since there has been much terminological confusion on the subject “information structure” (IS) and “information packaging”, as concerns, for example, the distinctions and overlap between term pairs for the three IS dimensions topic/comment (or theme/rheme according to the original distinction by the Prague School), given/ new and background/focus (also known as topic/focus or background/­contrast), I will here shortly summarize my understanding of IS and my use of terms.

To account for the cases that do not follow the preferred order, Biber et al. (2004, 813) name factors such as length, information focus, and the sequence of events. Hawkins (2000, 232) argues against the widely held view that the order of adverbials in postverbal positions in English is based on the rule of Manner before Place before Time: “I argue that these grammatical rules do not have satisfactory levels of empirical support in a corpus of written data, and that there are clear alternative patterns and generalizations that are more adequate”.

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