By Elizabeth MacGonagle
With this primary entire background of the Ndau of jap Zimbabwe and primary Mozambique, Elizabeth MacGonagle strikes past nationwide borders to teach how cultural identities are woven from historic stories that predate the coming of missionaries and colonial officers at the African continent. Drawing on archival documents and oral histories from during the Ndau sector, her examine analyzes the complicated relationships among social identification and political strength from 1500 to 1900. Ndauness has been created and recreated inside of groups via marriages and social buildings, cultural practices that mark the physique, and rituals that aid to maintain shared ideals. a feeling of being Ndau keeps to exist into the current, regardless of varied colonial histories, postcolonial trajectories, and reputable languages in Zimbabwe and Mozambique. MacGonagle's examine of ethnic identities one of the marginalized Ndau sheds gentle at the conflicts and divisions that hang-out southeast Africa at the present time. This compelling interpretation of the crafting of id in a single nook of Africa has relevance for readers drawn to id formation and ethnic clash world wide.
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Additional info for Crafting Identity in Zimbabwe and Mozambique (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
I begin in chapter 2 by theorizing identities and revisiting both the rewards and the pitfalls of examining ethnic identifications over time. Despite the heated discourse often associated with the terms ethnicity and identity, I argue that an examination of the fluidity of ethnic identification and its historical baggage is needed to understand and combat the threat posed by those who use race and ethnicity to create sociopolitical divisions. Trade and political relations form the subject of chapter 3.
24 A Mixed Pot Chapter 7 examines more recent manipulations of ethnic awareness. The Gaza Nguni created tremendous upheaval when they left southern Mozambique with their army to rule over the Ndau area in the nineteenth century. I explore the legends surrounding the leader Ngungunyana’s rule, generally considered harsh, and examine the effects of his decision to force large numbers of Ndau to follow him back to the original Gaza Nguni capital in southern Mozambique at Bilene. Around this time Ndau men began to pierce their ears as the Gaza Nguni did, and this practice later served as a symbol of being Ndau among migrant laborers in South Africa.
29 A study of Christianity and nationalism among the Ndau in Zimbabwe by J. 31 While these studies have highlighted the manipulation of ethnic awareness during the colonial era, I shift the focus to encompass a much longer period of time. Portuguese Writings as Historical Sources After consulting early sources on the history of southeast Africa, it is clear that the pen of the Portuguese was mightier than their sword. Although most of the first Portuguese arrivals carried either the sword or the cross, they put these down to wield the pen and leave a written record of their triumphs and travails.