By Belma Haznedar (Editor), Elena Gavruseva (Editor)
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Extra resources for Current Trends in Child Second Language Acquisition: A Generative Perspective (Language Acquisition and Language Disorders, Volume 46)
A. A. I. in the acquisition of -ing, despite comparable length of exposure. I. , despite short lengths of exposure, were reported by their teacher to be exceptionally good at English. L. Y. were also highly proficient for their short length of exposure, as a result of being completely immersed in an English-speaking environment, their adoptive family. 41 42 Tania Ionin speculates that L1-transfer may be responsible: “In Sultana’s case, the patterns of misuse (-ing forms are used in progressive and habitual contexts) could attest to some L1 influence from Azerbaijani, a language that has an imperfective morpheme in its inventory.
Unlearned the ongoing interpretation of bare verb forms. 4 Summary and discussion The findings reported in the previous sections can be summarized as follows: 1. , with an ongoing interpretation. 2. Acquisition of the be auxiliary is not necessary for the acquisition of ongoing interpretation: bare -ing forms receive the same interpretation as be + ing forms, and in most cases, -ing is acquired before the be auxiliary. 3. Y. (who is discussed more below). It looks as if acquisition of progressive aspect for the children proceeds roughly as follows: first, bare verbs are used with an ongoing interpretation; then, -ing is acquired, and mapped to an ongoing interpretation; subsequently, the ongoing interpretation of bare verb forms is unlearned.
File2) which had at least five instances of -ing had at least five instances of -ing used progressively. This is not surprising, given the low misuse of -ing with non-progressive readings. 37 38 Tania Ionin 4. Y. A. Y. L. file2). We can now check each pattern against prediction (9c). Pattern 4 is irrelevant – when there are few or no progressive contexts in the data, we cannot say anything about how bare verbs vs. ‑ing forms are used with respect to progressive interpretation. Pattern 3 supports the prediction: the vast majority of files show productive use of -ing and little or no use of bare verbs with an ongoing interpretation.