By Benjamin Carter Hett
From Alexanderplatz, the bustling Berlin sq. ringed through bleak slums, to Moabit, website of the city's so much feared criminal, loss of life within the Tiergarten illuminates the tradition of felony justice in past due imperial Germany. In vibrant prose, Benjamin Hett examines day-by-day flow during the Berlin legal courts and the legal professionals, judges, jurors, thieves, pimps, and murderers who inhabited this international. Drawing on formerly untapped resources, together with courtroom documents, pamphlet literature, and pulp novels, Hett examines how the legislations mirrored the wider city tradition and politics of a swiftly altering urban. during this publication, German legal legislation seems to be very assorted from traditional narratives of a inflexible, static procedure with authoritarian continuities traceable from Bismarck to Hitler. From the homicide trial of Anna and Hermann Heinze in 1891 to the staggering therapy of the infamous Captain of Koepenick in 1906, Hett illuminates a metamorphosis within the legal justice procedure that unleashed a tradition struggle fought over problems with permissiveness as opposed to self-discipline, the limits of public dialogue of crime and sexuality, and the function of gender within the courts. proficient in either the legislations and background, Hett deals a uniquely precious point of view at the dynamic intersections of legislations and society, and provides a powerful new view of early twentieth-century German heritage.
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Additional resources for Death in the Tiergarten: Murder and Criminal Justice in the Kaiser's Berlin
And beyond the architecture, these rooms had other qualities which could make the work that went on in them uncomfortable and unhealthy. ” Alfred Kerr, attending a trial in 1897, recorded that “the air is dreadful . . when the Chief Prosecutor . . courteously handed his bottle of smelling salts to [the defendant], it was . . ” Becker’s was the kind of place where the reputable denizens of Moabit rubbed shoulders with the not-so-reputable, often in an effort to ﬁnd out what was really going on.
Important aspects of the system embodied the hopes and demands of liberal reformers since at least the time of the French Revolution. ” The creation of the ofﬁce of the state prosecutor, and the associated legality principle and indictment monopoly, were meant to guard against the abuse of prosecutorial and inquisitorial discretion. These elements of the system were the more modern historically; public and oral trials, the jury, and the prosecutor’s ofﬁce had all been introduced into Prussian law by the energetic Minister of Law Reform, Friedrich Karl von Savigny, in the 1840s.
On the other hand, prosecutions of other crimes which were less sensitive to popular and ofﬁcial passions showed a steady rise throughout the whole of the Wilhelmine period. Property crimes, such as theft, in- In Moabit 37 creased at a rate well in excess of population growth; and most theft cases were heard by the criminal chambers. Prosecutions for procuring showed another kind of evolution. After 1900, many procuring prosecutions had a more solid statutory basis, as the ﬁnal passage of the lex Heinze in the Reichstag added the so-called “pimp paragraph,” section 181a, to the Reich Criminal Code.