The Dictionary of the North-West Semitic Inscriptions by J. Hoftijzer

By J. Hoftijzer

The North-West Semitic epigraphic contributes significantly to our knowing of the previous testomony and of the Ugaritic texts and to our wisdom of the North-West Semitic languages as such. This dictionary in volumes is worried with the North-West Semitic fabric present in inscriptions, papyri and ostraca in Phoenician, Punic, Hebrew, quite a few different types of Aramaic, Ammonite, Edomite, the language of Deir Alla et cetera. the fabric covers the interval from ca. a thousand B.C. to ca. three hundred A.D. in addition to translations the entries comprise discussions and entire references to scholarly literature. The publication is a translated, up-to-date and significantly augmented version of Jean & Hoftijzer, Dictionnaire des inscriptions semitiques de l'ouest. The additions drawback newly chanced on texts in addition to references to new scholarly literature. The booklet is an vital device for examine in North-West Semitic epigraphy, at the previous testomony and on Ugaritic texts, and for Semitic linguistics.

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53 Varthema, 1928, 91. 55 One wonders whether the increasing campaigns by Mataram against coastal areas, with windy environments, may have played some role in reducing the attractiveness of the blowpipe. Another possible explanation is that the blowpipe compared unfavourably with new and better firearms, which may also explain the fact that lowland Burmese armies no longer used the blowpipe by the sixteenth century (just as small arms were making substantial inroads). The real strength of the blowpipe, however, was the application of poison to the dart or small arrow.

The indigenous population of Ambon, for example, poisoned the “arrows” they shot from blowpipes: Their weapons [include] … darts. ” Evidently, the poison failed in this case, for there were 54 Gardner 1936, 101-102. 123. 233; E. 107. 57 Varthema, 1928, 91. 166. 59 The use of poisoned arrows among some highland societies on the mainland continued up through the nineteenth century. As one observer noted: The [arrows] are made of bamboo, with the point hardened by fire, and doubly barbed. They are deeply poisoned, and the slightest touch inflicts instant death.

Each metal fit into a hierarchy, common metals such as iron at the bottom and gold and silver at the top, and it took more time and the shaman charged more money, to charm metals in ascending order. Thus, charms tended to focus on the common metals most people could afford, which meant the charm would be useless against more expensive daggers or other kinds of weapons. These limitations were also valid with gunpowder weapons, for bullets were also charmed, and one might find that their invulnerability failed if they were hit with a silver bullet.

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