Die großen Dialoge: Erweiterte Neuausgabe by Plato

By Plato

Platons Meisterdialoge und seine fiktive Verteidigungsrede des Sokrates ("Apologie") gelten als Meilensteine in der Geschichte der Philosophie. Die lange culture des philosophischen Streitgesprächs haben die Dialoge zugleich begründet und bis zur Vollendung geführt. Abwechslungsreich und sehr unterhaltsam streitet Sokrates über die Lehrbarkeit der Tugend im "Protagoras". Lange und nachdenklich wird im "Phaidon" über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele gesprochen. Um Eros, Liebe, Wahrheit und das Schöne geht es im "Gastmahl" und im "Phaidros". Außerdem enthalten sind die Dialoge "Theaitetos", "Philebos" und "Sophistes".

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Extra info for Die großen Dialoge: Erweiterte Neuausgabe

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0 is true: Degree Whether or not a convention prevails in a given population needn’t be an all-ornothing matter; it can come in degrees. 0: ⁴ There are different ways in which one could assign a degree of common knowledge to a population, but the details matter little for present purposes. ⁵ Since degrees of conventionality are n-tuples of real numbers rather than real numbers, something needs to be said about what makes one degree greater than another. The details matter little for present purposes, but to fix ideas one might say that x1 , .

An assertion of a sentence involving vague terms may fail to enjoy determinate content if—despite the presence of rules of accommodation—enough scenarios are regarded as ‘open possibilities’. If so, the assertion is pragmatically defective, and should be avoided. 2 Truth simpliciter I am now in a position to say why I think that a sentence can be used to make an assertion which is true or false simpliciter, even if the sentence itself cannot be said to be true or false simpliciter, but only true or false relative to a semantics (which is apt to a certain degree).

Truthfulness (dissent) It is trivially true that English speakers conform to the regularity of dissenting from utterances of M1 only if they believe the set-theoretic complement of the empty proposition. ] 3. Trust (assent) If someone assents to an utterance of M1 , it is to be expected that others will be led to revise their beliefs about whether the assent was serious, or about the utterer’s linguistic competence, or about their own linguistic competence. In other words, English speakers nearly always conform to the regularity of opting out when someone assents to an utterance of M1 : they opt out of the assumption that it is a case of genuine assent, or opt out of the assumption that the space of possible worlds under consideration is restricted to those in which the actual linguistic conventions prevail.

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