Discovering Superconductivity: An Investigative Approach by Gren Ireson

By Gren Ireson

Superconductivity is a quantum phenomenon that manifests itself in fabrics exhibiting 0 electric resistance under a attribute temperature leading to the potential of an electrical present to run continuously via one of these fabric with no the necessity for an influence resource. Such fabrics are used generally in clinical and tool functions, e.g. MRI and NMR machines. 

Discovering Superconductivity makes use of a sequence of functional and investigative actions, which might be used as train demonstrations or as pupil lab exercises.  

This hugely illustrated textual content positive factors the subsequent sections: 

  • Introduction - together with a short background of superconductivity
  • Superconductivity - a proof of the phenomenon and its effects
  • Superconducting materials – together with excessive & Low temperature   superconductors
  • Applications – how superconductivity is utilized in scientific imaging, at CERN and within the Maglev trains

This textual content will function an exceptional creation for college students, without or with a physics heritage, to superconductivity. With a robust useful, experimental emphasis, it presents readers with an outline of the subject getting ready them for extra complicated texts utilized in complex undergraduate and post-graduate courses. 

PowerPoint records of the figures offered inside this article can be found at:

A observe from the writer: “The goal of this article is to introduce the reader to the learn of superconductivity through a minds-on approach……... The minds-on technique takes this a level additional through requiring the learner to have interaction with the method to a better extent.”

Chapter 1 Resistivity and Conduction in Metals (pages 3–11):
Chapter 2 a quick background of Superconductivity (pages 13–27):
Chapter three a proof of Superconductivity? (pages 31–50):
Chapter four The Meissner–Ochsenfeld impact (pages 51–59):
Chapter five Diamagnetic results (pages 61–67):
Chapter 6 endurance of present (pages 69–78):
Chapter 7 sort I and sort II Superconductors (pages 79–88):
Chapter eight Flux Pinning (pages 89–95):
Chapter nine Low?Temperature Superconductors (pages 99–100):
Chapter 10 natural Superconductors (pages 101–105):
Chapter eleven High?Temperature Superconductors (pages 107–114):
Chapter 12 Superconducting cord (pages 117–120):
Chapter thirteen clinical Imaging (pages 121–128):
Chapter 14 CERN and the LHC (pages 129–134):
Chapter 15 Maglev Trains (pages 135–138):

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Extra info for Discovering Superconductivity: An Investigative Approach

Example text

Schmuser, 1996, p. 14 Reduced values of the energy gap as a function of temperature. ) However, in Chapter 11, we will return to the explanation of superconductivity when more recent work on high-temperature superconductors has resulted in the publication of a theory of high-temperature superconductivity transition temperature, which gives accurate, experimentally verifiable, results (see Harshman, Fiory and Dow, 2011). N. (1956) Bound electron pairs in a degenerate fermi gas. Physical Review, 104, 1189–1190.

2). 2 Isotope exponents. 49 Zn Hg Pb Source: Adapted from Annett (2004). The BCS theory is based, at its simplest level, on the notion that there is an attractive force between electrons near the Fermi Surface. 7) However odd it may appear it turns out that the electrons do become paired, Cooper pairs, and this pairing provides the mechanism for zero resistance. One way of visualising this coupling is to think of the electrons as dance partners and the applied electric field as the music. When the music is not playing, the individual dancers appear to be randomly distributed, but when the music starts, they join their partner.

1995) Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants, 16th edn, Longman, London. D. A. (2000) Sears and Zemansky’s University Physics, 10th edn, Addison-Wesley, San Francisco. 1 INTRODUCTION Why do we bother with history? History is the most fundamental of all sciences, for there is no human knowledge that does not lose its scientific character when men forget the conditions in which it originated the questions it answered and the functions it was created to serve. (Schrodinger, 1956) ¨ It is easy for us to forget where the science we use came from, what political, economic or cultural conditions drove it, when we use the current accepted form of the theory.

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