By Mary Ann Lyons
The interval 1500 to 1610 witnessed a basic transformation within the nature of Franco-Irish relatives. In 1500 touch was once completely according to exchange and small-scale migration. notwithstanding, from the early 1520s to the early 1580s, the dynamics of 'normal' kin have been considerably altered as remarkable political contacts among eire and France have been cultivated. those ties have been deserted whilst, after many years of unsuccessful techniques to the French crown for army and monetary aid for his or her competition to the Tudor régime in eire, Irish dissidents redirected their pleas to the courtroom of Philip II of Spain. alternate and migration, which had persisted at a modest point in the course of the 16th century, re-emerged within the early 1600s because the most crucial and enduring channels of touch among the France and eire, although the dimensions of either had elevated dramatically because the early 16th century. particularly, the remarkable inflow of numerous thousand Irish migrants into France within the later phases and within the aftermath of the 9 Years' conflict in eire (1594-1603) represented a watershed in Franco-Irish kinfolk within the early glossy interval. by way of 1610 eire and Irish humans have been recognized to a considerably greater component to French society than were the case 100 years ahead of. The intensification of this touch although, the intricacies of Irish household political, spiritual and ideological conflicts persisted to elude the majority of trained Frenchmen, together with these on the optimum rank in govt and diplomatic circles. of their minds, eire remained an unique state. They considered the Irish within the streets in their towns and cities as offensive, slothful, soiled, prolific and uncouth, simply as they have been depicted within the French scholarly tracts learn through the French elite. This research explores a number of the dimensions to this crucial bankruptcy within the evolution of Franco-Irish relatives within the early glossy interval. BR> MARY ANN LYONS is Professor of heritage at Maynooth collage, Republic of eire.
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Extra info for Franco-Irish Relations, 1500-1610: Politics, Migration and Trade (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
The Geraldine exiles’ overtures to the Scottish, French and imperial courts, the hospitable reception afforded them during their sojourn in France, and the failure or refusal of both François and Charles to take adequate steps to ensure their arrest, gave cause for concern and suspicion in both Whitehall and Dublin. The modest diplomatic flurry that ensued once certain intelligence of Gerald’s flight to France reached the Irish and English councils testifies to English anxiety concerning the ramifications of the Irish fugitives’ appeals to Henry VIII’s tenuously allied rivals, François and Charles.
Then, in the winter of 1549–50, the whole nature of Franco-Irish intrigue suddenly grew profoundly serious as two senior-ranking French diplomats met in Ulster with the province’s leading Gaelic lord, Con O’Neill amongst others, and engaged in several weeks of intense negotiations to discuss the 44 See Brendan Bradshaw, The Irish constitutional revolution of the sixteenth century, Cambridge 1979. 20 INTRODUCTION logistics of extending the French campaign in Scotland into Ireland. In the event, nothing came of these talks.
15; Luttrell to Aylmer, 5 June 1538, LP Henry VIII, xiii/1 (1538), 1138; Ormond to the council of Ireland, 25 June 1538, LP Henry VIII, xiii/1 (1538), 1259; SP Henry VIII, iii. 44; Ormond to Cowley, 20 July 1538, LP Henry VIII, xiii/1 (1538), 1429; SP Henry VIII, iii. 52; Brabazon, Aylmer and Alen to Cromwell, 24 July 1538, LP Henry VIII, xiii/1 (1538), 1147; SP Henry VIII, iii. 57; Brabazon, Aylmer and Alen to Cromwell, 22 Aug. 1538, LP Henry VIII, xiii/2 (1538), 160; SP Henry VIII, iii. 87. 39 FRANCO-IRISH RELATIONS, 1500–1610 It is not clear precisely what plans were envisaged but late in November 1538 the lord chancellor in Ireland, Sir John Alen, was anxious about the intensity of recent contacts between the Scottish lords and Alexander Carragh, captain of the Scots.