By Joan L. Bybee (Ed.), Paul Hopper (Ed.)
This identify addresses the query of what forms of components are often utilized in discourse, and the way frequency of use impacts cognitive representations. It reviews on facts from traditional dialog, diachronic switch, variability, baby language acquisition and psycholinguistic experimentation. The identify additionally helps significant ideas - to start with, the content material of people's interactions comprises a preponderance of subjective, evaluative statements, ruled by means of pronouns, copulas and intransitive clauses. Secondly, the frequency with which yes goods and strings of things are used has a profound effect at the method language is damaged up into chunks in reminiscence garage, the way in which such chunks are on the topic of different kept fabric and the benefit with which they're accessed to supply new statements.
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Extra resources for Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure
The phonological basis of sound change. In The Handbook of Phonological Theory, John A. ), 640–70. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Krug, Manfred. 1998. String frequency: a cognitive motivating factor in coalescence, language processing and linguistic change. Journal of English Linguistics 26: 286–320. Labov, William. 1981. Resolving the Neogrammarian controversy. Language 57: 267–308. joan bybee and paul hopper 23 Lambrecht, Knud. 1981. Topic, antitopic and verb agreement in Nonstandard French. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Here are several examples from our database: (39) we all want to play with them she has ﬁt into the mold get on it it sounds like that does it look like cream soda? The analytical question is: what is the ‘verb’ in such clauses? In the ﬁrst example, is the ‘verb’ the one-participant verb play with a prepositional phrase or is the ‘verb’ the two-participant verb play with plus an ‘object’? As O’Dowd persuasively argues, the answer is both. She shows at length that the standardly cited tests will not resolve the indeterminacy, because the tests give conﬂicting results.
One could equally well argue that these are verbs with two argument structures, one requiring two arguments and one requiring one. As far as we can tell, there is essentially no agreement on this point among researchers; which proposal one favors depends on one’s assumptions about argument structure. We would agree with recent research that suggests that the sense of a verb or predicate is related to the grammatical schemas that it can occur in (Roland and Jurafsky to appear). For example, as Fillmore (1986) has pointed out, very often speciﬁc semantic properties accompany the ‘intransitive’ uses.