By Sakiko Fukuda-Parr
Probably the most formidable legacies of the 20 th century used to be the common dedication to make sure freedom from wish as a human correct. yet to what volume are nations internationally residing as much as this dedication? This course breaking ebook develops an cutting edge, evidence-based index for evaluating functionality on schooling, foodstuff, overall healthiness, paintings and housing throughout very another way positioned nations and over the years. It explores the criteria influencing functionality and offers empirical facts to solve a few lengthy status controversies over the main of "progressive realization". through defying the limits of conventional examine disciplines, this paintings essentially advances our wisdom concerning the prestige of and components selling social and monetary rights success on the sunrise of the twenty first century.
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Additional resources for Fulfilling Social and Economic Rights
They occur not only in poor countries but in rich countries as well. The importance of the obligation to fulfill will be further elaborated later in this chapter in the discussion of the obligation of progressive realization. Obligations of Result and Conduct Each of the three kinds of duties—to respect, protect, and fulfill— entails obligations of conduct and obligations of result. . [while] the obligation of result requires States to achieve specific targets to satisfy a detailed substantive standard” (United Nations 2000, para.
This will make a difference. For one thing, women like Fatimata will not have to worry about getting into debt should their pregnancies become complicated and require extra medical care. Should we then consider that Sierra Leone is a good performer because such a proactive policy was adopted? Yet we also find that government expenditure on health is a paltry 1 percent of GDP, half of what is allocated to the military, implying that health receives less priority than defense (O’Donoghue 2010). We need a measure that can go beyond the ad hoc assessment of a single government policy to fully assess a society’s performance.
Our overarching motivation in developing the SERF Index is to devise a quantitative yardstick against which to judge countries’ performance and progress in providing the social and economic rights essential to human dignity and that can facilitate identification of the kinds of economic institutions, policies, and practices that better enable us to translate economic resources into human flourishing. The SERF Index does not attempt to assess the extent to which countries ensure the procedural rights of nondiscrimination, participation, and accountability, and these challenges constitute an important agenda for future research.