InterPhases: Phase-Theoretic Investigations of Linguistic by Kleanthes K. Grohmann

By Kleanthes K. Grohmann

This ebook addresses the elemental matters within the phase-based method of the psychological computation of language that experience arisen from the hot advancements within the Minimalist application. top linguists and promising younger students from worldwide specialize in subject matters which are within the centre of present theorizing in syntax - the interplay of syntax with the conceptual-intentional and sensorimotor interfaces, and present formulations of section conception. stages are a up to date means of theorizing and modelling the computational procedure of human language with regards to the interfaces among syntactic derivation and logical shape and phonological shape. What precisely, for instance, does Spell-Out do? the place do morphology and phonology kick in? Are those degrees of illustration adequate, too many, or no longer adequate? How can the interplay among syntax and prosody be officially represented? The authors talk about those and different valuable questions together with the measure to which stages are easy methods to take into consideration the dynamic approach of language. they give thought to how some distance the solutions are inclined to come from conceptual and theoretical issues or from experimental and empirical examine, which key parts could be lacking, and the way the process may be more advantageous. either in its elements and as a complete, the publication explains and contributes to a couple of the liveliest and such a lot important debates in modern linguistics.

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Extra resources for InterPhases: Phase-Theoretic Investigations of Linguistic Interfaces (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)

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Merging two items, · and ‚, thus creates the set {·, ‚}, in which · and ‚ remain distinct; in natural language, this operation can be reiterated (recursively). This way, the phrase marker is built bottom-up in a recursive manner through the successive application of the operation Merge (but see Shiobara’s chapter). The interface with the SM system imposes that the hierarchical structure resulting from merging objects iteratively be linearized. As Uriagereka (, b) notes, the objects assembled by Merge are (at least) two-dimensional, whereas speech is one-dimensional.

N } Merge qua self-embed is then defined as follows: () Merge (·i , BS) =def {·i , BS} = {·i , {· , . . , ·n }} Now consider again the “minimal” language, with n=. Merge then yields, if BS={Ø}, following the definition in (), the object in ():  Wolfram Hinzen () Merge(Ø, {Ø}) = {Ø, {Ø}} In turn, if we have n=, with, say, BS = {kill, Bill}, then we get either (a) or (b), depending on which lexical item self-embeds: () a. Merge (kill, {kill, Bill}) = {kill, {kill, Bill}} b. Merge (Bill, {kill, Bill}) = {Bill, {kill, Bill}} A claimed advantage of the proposal is that labeling is now a trivial consequence of what Merge happens to apply to: If it applies to A, A self-embeds.

Rather, it may apply several times, giving rise to a “multiple Spell-Out” model—and what makes these “several times” of application appropriate is somehow encoded in the dynamics of the syntactic computation. This can be illustrated as below (taken from Boeckx a: ), where LF and PF are assembled cyclically in some fashion (via “mini-interface components” lf and pf )—leaving out details at this point in the introduction as to how exactly the dynamics of the system is computed. The latter is, of course, identified as the phase, more specifically,  On the phasal status of DP, see Svenonius () as well as Hiraiwa (), a possibility acknowledged in Chomsky ().

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