Language Contact and Grammatical Change (Cambridge by Bernd Heine

By Bernd Heine

The phenomenon of language touch, and the way it impacts the constitution of languages, has been of significant curiosity to linguists in recent times. This pioneering new research appears at how grammatical types and buildings evolve while audio system of 2 languages come into touch, and gives perception into the mechanism that induces humans to move grammatical buildings from one language to a different. The publication could be of serious curiosity to all operating in grammaticalization, language touch, and language switch.

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Extra resources for Language Contact and Grammatical Change (Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact)

Example text

E. phonological accretion, instead of the expected phonological reduction. ). At a closer look, it turns out that in many of these cases the phonological accretion is a characteristic of a transitional period only, which occurs when one structure (the already existing structure of the replica language) is replaced by another (the new structure replicated from the model language). After this transitional period, the process of erosion sets in along with the other three processes we discussed above as parameters of grammaticalization.

Pipil, an Aztecan language of El Salvador on the verge of extinction, has no formal means for coordinating clauses, that is, clause-conjoining (‘and’) is not formally marked. But there is a “relational noun” -wan in Pipil which serves as a comitative marker; it requires a possessive pronominal prefix as a modifier, thus having the appearance of a possessed noun (Campbell 1987: 256). Under the influence of Spanish, Pipil speakers have developed -wan into a preposition wan ‘with,’ and wan has further developed into a noun phrase-conjoining conjunction ‘and,’ although it still appears to allow for a comitative interpretation, cf.

It would seem, however, that these terms highlight only certain aspects of the processes concerned and therefore are not entirely satisfactory to capture salient properties of grammatical replication. Thus the notion of convergence creates the impression of two languages becoming more and more alike as a result of similar structures being “laid on top of each other,” whereby the parts sticking out are cut off, that is, the languages in contact are viewed as mutually influencing each other; the notion of grammatical replication, on the other hand, implies directionality from the model to the replica language.

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