By Zelijko Cipris;Shoko Hamano;Zeljko Cipris
This ebook is astounding for the beginning/intermediate jap scholar. it really is a good complement on your different stories, and won't intrude along with your different courses.
The grammatical dialogue and terminology are stored in simple English. this may be particularly useful for a person that discovered English in American public schools.
The booklet is equipped right into a sequence of "things you'll want to know," or "things you're thinking about approximately" while you are a pupil of eastern. a great instance is a undeniable English clarification of while to take advantage of "-ga" or "-o."
This publication has been a good support to me, and that i in basic terms have had it looked at from the library for roughly per week. I fast flipped to these "questions" that I had. It provides the conceptual wisdom that is helping you observe right grammar to greater than simply the sentences you might have memorized.
This booklet is worthy paying for, because it is lovely stable as reference fabric. yet, I think after a couple of 12 months or , you will likely now not want it anymore and will re-sell it.
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Additional info for Making Sense of Japanese Grammar (Paper)
If necessary, attach other particles to WH-phrases. Some examples are given below: Grammatical Dare-ga yatte-kimashita-ka. ” Nani-o shimashita-ka. ” Nan-peeji-o yomimashita-ka. ” Ungrammatical * *Dare-wa yatte-kimashita-ka. * *Nani-wa shimashita-ka. * *Nan-peeji-wa yomimashita-ka. 46 * *Dore-wa tabemasu-ka. Dore-o tabemasu-ka. ” * Dono jisho-o kaimasu-ka. *Dono jisho-wa kaimasu-ka. ” Can you now supply possible answers to these questions? One answer to the first question might be the following: Dare-ga yatte-kimashita-ka.
Hako-wa san-gai-no doko-desu-ka. Hako-wa san-gai-no ushiro-no hoodesu. ” Raosu-no jinkoo-wa dono-gurai-desu-ka. Raosu-no jinkoo-wa gohyakuman-nin-gurai-desu. ” Conversely, when answering a WH-question, all you have to do is replace the WH-phrase with a piece of new information and delete -ka. This principle operates no matter how complex the sentence might be, as in the case below: Ano tegami-wa itsu todoita-to omoimasu-ka. (Ano tegami-wa) kinoo todoita-to omoimasu. ” A word of advice. Omit superfluous words if you like, but use the same final form so as to avoid inadvertently deleting important information.
This applies to the subject as well as to the direct object noun phrase. The subject may appear before the direct object, or it may follow the direct object, as in the following examples: Gakusei-ga sensei-o shootai-shimashita. ” Sensei-o gakusei-ga shootai-shimashita. ” 41 In such examples, semantic confusion does not arise because the sentences distinguish the subject and the direct object by marking them with the particles -ga and -o, respectively. Once a particle is attached to a noun phrase and marks its function, the unit moves together, keeping the function of each noun phrase transparent wherever it may be.