By Michael Newman
This booklet is the 1st to check the English spoken in big apple urban comprehensively, together with pronunciation, grammar, and discourse. utilizing resources from vintage reviews to unique facts, Newman describes New Yorkers' speech in a manner that's linguistically rigorous but available to non-specialists. The e-book additionally indicates how the linguistic similarities and transformations between New Yorkers are rooted in social, cultural, and old components.
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This e-book is the 1st to check the English spoken in big apple urban comprehensively, together with pronunciation, grammar, and discourse. utilizing assets from vintage experiences to unique facts, Newman describes New Yorkers' speech in a fashion that's linguistically rigorous but obtainable to non-specialists.
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At the same time, immigrants have continued to arrive and had children further diversifying the city and increasing its population and helping rehabilitate blighted areas. The Bronx remains the second poorest county in New York State, but it has recovered considerably since the days of Howard Cosell. 4 Racial and Ethnic Identities It will be clear in the course of this book that race provides the most significant factor in the dialectal diversity of NYCE as in other areas of the US. Not coincidentally, it is also, by far, the most problematic demographic factor in the country’s history and present.
Sociolinguists have generally taken two approaches to Latinos’ discrepancy from traditional US racial categorization. Bailey (2000a, 2000b, 2002) and Toribio (2000, 2003) discuss issues facing second-generation Dominican immigrants with visible African ancestry. Their focus is on their participants’ use of Spanish to resist efforts by non-Latinos to categorize them as Black. They also point out the historical roots in the Dominican Republic for this desire in good part in contradistinction to Haitians.
Half the students named this group as a unitary racial category, mainly using the term Asian. A small minority, however, provided other names such as Koreans and Chinese, just Chinese, or Asians and Pacific Islanders, a phrase probably picked up from official forms or the US Census. The other half also provided a separate category for South Asians, although the main name here was Indians, with Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis; Hindus (a probable calque from Spanish); and South Asians also appearing.