By Silvia Luraghi
Prepositions and instances represent a fruitful box of study for semantics. The ancient improvement in their which means can make clear the kinfolk one of the semantic roles of individuals and at the association of conceptual area. historic Greek permits an in-depth learn of such improvement. The e-book, according to a large, diachronically ordered corpus, goals at delivering a usage-based research of attainable styles of semantic extension, together with the mapping of summary domain names onto the concrete area of area. An research of the Greek information additional highlights the interaction among particular spatial relatives and the inner constitution of the entities concerned, and indicates how case semantics might account for modifications at the referential point, instead of simply convey clause inner kinfolk. the 1st bankruptcy encompasses a typologically dependent dialogue of semantic roles, which units the language-specific research in a much wider framework, displaying its common relevance and applicability.
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Extra info for On the Meaning of Prepositions and Cases: The Expression of Semantic Roles in Ancient Greek (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Nishimura (1993) argues at length against this position, pointing out that “[w]ether or not a given inanimate entity is considered to be intrinsically capable of acting on its own, it is this conceived possession of force that permits it to be catagorized as agent”. Indeed, there are languages in which inanimate entities exerting control cannot be encoded like animate ones: this is a common phenomenon in some Indo-European languages, in which, as I have shown in Luraghi (1986), animate and inanimate passive agents receive different morphological marking.
According to this pattern of semantic extension, an instrument is conceived as the channel through which the agent’s agency is transferred onto the state of affairs. 9. The semantic extension is from Path to Intermediary and from Intermediary to Instrument; the latter estension is based on what I will call the Intermediary metaphor, according to which AN INSTRUMENT IS AN INTERMEDIARY. This metaphor is based on the feature of lack of (ultimate) control, common to both Intermediary and Instrument.
6). 2). In sum, more research is needed in the universal structure of conceptual space. In the next sections I will suggest some possible connections among SRs, that may be useful in the description of conceptual space. My use of mental maps in Chapter 3 will mostly have heuristic value and serve the purpose of language specific descriptions of meaning. g. Figure 31). Semantic roles A certain number of SRs is often assumed without further discussion. When one tries to make an exhaustive list, the problem arises of how to delimit SRs: as soon as one asks oneself how many SRs should be distinguished, it becomes apparent that there are virtually as many roles as there are possible different participants in a state of affairs.