By Wallis Reid (Ed.), Ricardo Otheguy (Ed.), Nancy Stern (Ed.)
This is often the second one quantity of papers on sign-based linguistics to emerge from Columbia tuition linguistics meetings. One set of articles deals semantic analyses of grammatical good points of particular languages: English full-verb inversion; Serbo-Croatian deictic pronouns; English auxiliary do; Italian pronouns egli and lui; the Celtic-influenced use of on (e.g., "he performed a trick on me"); a monosemic research of the English verb holiday. A moment set offers with common theoretical matters: an answer to the matter that noun type markers (e.g. Swahili) pose for sign-based linguistics; the appropriateness of statistical exams of importance in text-based research; the notice or the morpheme because the locus of paradigmatic inflectional switch; the unconventional outcomes of Saussure's anti-nomenclaturism for syntactic research; the way forward for "minimalist linguistics" in a maximalist global. a 3rd set explains phonotactic patterning when it comes to ease of articulation: aspirated and unaspirated cease consonants in Urdu; preliminary consonant clusters in additional than dozen languages. An creation highlights the theoretical and analytical issues of every article and their relation to the Columbia institution framework. the gathering is appropriate to cognitive semanticists and functionalists in addition to these operating within the sign-based Jakobsonian and Guillaumist frameworks.
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Additional info for Signal, Meaning, and Message: Perspectives on Sign-based Linguistics
Since there is no formal distinction between the "inherent" and "derived" NCMs or their associated concordial markers, this approach in effect sets up a series of homonymous NCMs. Although the inherent/derived-class analysis does solve some problems, others still remain. First, the term "derived class" has been used only for the diminutive and augmentative uses of the NCMs (NCM7-8 and 5-6 respectively). However, as pointed out above, the other NCMs can also be used productively, and derived nouns can be formed from adjective and verb stems as well as from noun stems.
Such an explanation will be suggested below. , from normal traits of human behavior that can be grouped under the labels of economy of effort and intelligence, and from principles of communication. (Diver 1995: 110) 36 E. CONTINI-MORAVA As mentioned in Section 2, noun classification itself may be seen as a solution to a particular communicative problem: that of helping to identify the intended referent of so-called agreeing elements in discourse by restricting their range of possible reference to a noun of a particular class.
In contrast to the "powerful things", they must be set in motion by a human agent. Like "active body parts", they move but do not have independent volition. 25 Such nouns describe a process as a thing, and so fit (WHAT) DO NOUN CLASS MARKERS MEAN? 27 well with the other liminal entities in this class, that fall somewhere between animate and inanimate. 2 Class 7 (with prefix ki-) On the following page is a proposed network for Class 7. Denny and Creider (1986 : 223) state that the "primary meaning [of Proto-Bantu Class 7] is instrumental artifact".