South Africa’s Destabilisation of Zimbabwe, 1980–89 by J. Dzimba

By J. Dzimba

South Africa's Apartheid regime observed Zimbabwean independence and black majority rule in 1980 as a big danger to its pursuits, defense and nearby hegemony. John Dzimba explains how and why Pretoria sought to destabilise Zimbabwe and different entrance line states, interpreting the successes and screw ups of destabilisation opposed to Zimbabwe's monetary and political vulnerabilities and tried responses. He exhibits why P.W. Botha's difficulty ridden regime needed to drop the coverage in 1989.

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61 For the neighbouring black states, the coup had an equally dramatic impact. It upset, as it did for South Africa and Western governments, all their previous assumptions and strategies. The sudden collapse of Portuguese rule meant that they needed to reassess the new situation and formulate different policies and strategies. They saw opportunities, never before envisaged. 62 For one thing, they realised that the collapse of the cordon sanitaire on which South Africa had depended to maintain its hegemony signalled a significant change in the balance of power and the weakening of South Africa's strategic position and that of Rhodesia.

W. " He then says, "I am. W. " You have to work out what that theological position means. '113 Their decision to fill the gap left by the government action against the 18 organizations seemed to indicate their willingness and determination, even at the risk of their own personal freedom (and even life), 114 to function as political leaders believing themselves to be the only ones left to take up the fight. Linked to this was their apparent willingness SA Regional Policy 1977-89 29 (and this was perhaps the aspect the government feared most) to mobilize their congregations against the state.

Botha was often described as an 'organization man' and the SSC acted in a technocratic and managerial way. The SSC was dominated by the military, although it also included the key political figures. This meant that the military had power to do whatever they and Botha wanted. We shall see in the next section that some of their attacks were not planned or even coordinated with the Prime Minister or Defence Minister. 5 APPLICATION OF THE DESTABILIZATION POLICY IN THE REGION The regional destabilization policy was a mix of diplomatic, military and economic actions.

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