The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages (Cambridge by Peter K. Austin, Julia Sallabank

By Peter K. Austin, Julia Sallabank

It really is typically agreed that approximately 7,000 languages are spoken the world over this day and a minimum of part may perhaps not be spoken via the top of this century. This cutting-edge instruction manual examines the explanations at the back of this dramatic lack of linguistic variety, why it concerns, and what will be performed to rfile and help endangered languages. the amount is proper not just to researchers in language endangerment, language shift and language demise, yet to a person drawn to the languages and cultures of the area. it's obtainable either to experts and non-specialists: researchers will locate state of the art contributions from stated specialists of their fields, whereas scholars, activists and different readers will discover a wealth of readable but thorough and up to date details.

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Many endangered language communities grapple with issues surrounding standardization (of dialectal variation, of orthographies and spelling), arguably under the influence of the majority language policy makers and planners, who aim to eliminate it. Many language revitalization programmes have been hindered by the inability of community members to come to agreement on just what variety should be adapted as the norm, because such decisions involve privileging one over all others. For this reason alone, an ecolinguistic approach to language planning in minority communities may be attractive, but just how structured linguistic diversity is to be implemented and maintained is unclear.

G r e n o b le attitudes and vitality is clear. Finally, with regard to documentation, it should be noted that the act of documenting a language does not directly affect its vitality. But an existing large body of documentation may indicate that it is used robustly, in many domains; such is the case with English or any of the world’s major languages. It may indicate that it was once robustly used, such as Manchu, which was once the main language of government and lingua franca in China during the first centuries of the Qing Dynasty, but is now highly endangered.

Notes 1 Throughout this handbook important terminology is shown in s m a l l c a p i t a l s when it is first introduced. org (10 October 2009). nl/DOBES/ (10 October 2009). html (10 October 2009). html (10 October 2009). eu/en/sorosoro-program/ (10 October 2009). org/ (10 October 2009). org (10 October 2009). org/ (10 October 2009). de/gbs// (4 March 2010). pg=00139 (1 October 2009). html (1 October 2009). html (1 October 2009). org (3 March 2010) founded by David Harrison and Gregory Anderson.

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