The Objects of Thought by Tim Crane

By Tim Crane

The gadgets of concept addresses the traditional query of the way it's attainable to contemplate what doesn't exist. Tim Crane argues that the illustration of the non-existent is a pervasive characteristic of our considered the area, and that we'll no longer safely comprehend thought's representational energy ('intentionality') until now we have understood the illustration of the non-existent. Intentionality is conceived by way of Crane by way of the path of the brain upon an item of concept, or an intentional item. Intentional items are what we expect approximately. a few intentional items exist and a few don't. Non-existence poses an issue simply because there appear to be truths approximately non-existent intentional items, yet truths are answerable to truth, and fact includes purely what exists. The proposed resolution is to simply accept that there are a few real truths approximately non-existent intentional items, yet to carry that they have to be reductively defined when it comes to truths approximately what does exist. The gadgets of suggestion bargains either an unique account of the character of intentionality and an answer to the matter of considered the non-existent.

Hardcover: 208 pages
Publisher: OUP Oxford (3 Oct 2013)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0199682747
ISBN-13: 978-0199682744

Show description

Read or Download The Objects of Thought PDF

Similar philosophy books

Russell: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) is without doubt one of the most famed and demanding philosophers of the 20th century. during this account of his lifestyles and paintings A. C. Grayling introduces either his technical contributions to common sense and philosophy, and his wide-ranging perspectives on schooling, politics, conflict, and sexual morality.

Dao De Jing: A Philosophical Translation (English and Mandarin Chinese Edition)

In 1993, archaeologists unearthed a suite of historic bamboo scrolls that contained the earliest identified model of the Dao de jing. Composed greater than thousand years in the past, this life-changing record bargains a routine of self-cultivation to realize own excellence and revitalize ethical habit. Now during this luminous new translation, well known China students Roger T.

Philosophos: Plato's Missing Dialogue

Plato famously promised to counterpoint the Sophist and the Statesman with one other paintings on a 3rd kind of professional, the philosopher—but we don't have this ultimate discussion. Mary Louise Gill argues that Plato promised the thinker, yet didn't write it, with a view to stimulate his viewers and inspire his readers to determine, for themselves, the portrait it is going to have contained.

More Precisely: The Math You Need to Do Philosophy

(This is an honest yet no longer ideal scan)

More accurately presents a rigorous and interesting advent to the math essential to do philosophy. it's very unlikely to completely comprehend a lot of an important paintings in modern philosophy with no uncomplicated seize of set concept, services, chance, modality and infinity. previously, this data was once tough to obtain. Professors needed to supply customized handouts to their sessions, whereas scholars struggled via math texts looking for perception. extra accurately fills this key hole. Eric Steinhart presents lucid reasons of the elemental mathematical techniques and units out most ordinarily used notational conventions. moreover, he demonstrates how arithmetic applies to many primary concerns in branches of philosophy equivalent to metaphysics, philosophy of language, epistemology, and ethics.

Additional info for The Objects of Thought

Sample text

So as far as apparent natural language syntax is concerned, quantifiers are binary: they combine with two expressions (either verb phrases, noun phrases, or adjectives) to make a sentence. Frege’s (1879) view was that apparently binary quantifiers could be defined in terms of unary quantifiers plus sentential connectives. Thus ‘some pigs swim’ has the form ‘∃x(pig(x) & swims(x))’. This is often the way that students of logic are taught the syntax and semantics of the two quantifiers of elementary first-order logic.

One thing this means is that no truths about a situation can change unless there is a change in its being: that 20 OBJECTS is, in the objects, properties, relations and other entities the situation contains. But if truth is supervenient on being, then how can one truly say of something that is not—something that has no being—that it is a certain way? How can such a claim be true? Apart from the negative existentials, what kinds of claims might these be? Here are some familiar and obvious examples.

We can construct the predicate ‘x exists’ from the sentence ‘Vladimir exists’ by removing the name ‘Vladimir’ and replacing it with the free variable ‘x’ to mark its incompleteness. Furthermore, this way of representing the form of this sentence makes it clear how we can also represent, in simple way, the form of sentences like ‘everything exists’ and ‘something exists’ (see Mackie 1976). Those who think that ‘exists’ is not really a first-level predicate treat this fact as misleading about the real logical structure of the sentence ‘Vladimir exists’.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 31 votes