Translation and Lexicography: Papers read at the Euralex by Mary Snell-Hornby, Esther Pöhl

By Mary Snell-Hornby, Esther Pöhl

Translation and Lexicography incorporates a number of papers offered on the 1987 eu Lexicographers' convention (EURALEX). the amount supplies a accomplished impact of recent advancements within the making and use of dictionaries for translation reasons, supplying sensible and theoretical methods, basic and in-depth studies.

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Extra info for Translation and Lexicography: Papers read at the Euralex Colloquium held at Innsbruck 2-5 July 1987

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H o w ­ ever, because they have failed to characterise the most fundamental semantic distinction between them, they have thus totally ignored or dismissed, among other things, the less-favoured uses of these forms. In 40 Translation and Lexicography short, they have not been able to explain why native speakers systemati­ cally choose one form over the other every time they are used in all sty­ listic registers and modes of communication. Perhaps, if we abandon the traditional categories that have domi­ nated linguistic-and therefore lexicographic and translation-re­ search, and replace them with a more human and communicationoriented semiotic approach, we may then learn more about how indi­ vidual languages actually function.

As against it, tazvig mikrim is a clear case of loan translation. In this case, the semantic function which was trans­ ferred across the linguistic border was accompanied by many traits of the functor which realized it in one particular SL, to be replaced by TL linguistic substance. Despite these differences, both expressions are elements of translation-specific varieties of the respective TLs. Moreover, there can be no doubt that they are well-formed in terms of their languages. They are also rather transparent, which makes them relatively easy to deci­ pher for readers of the two languages in the appropriate points in time, especially as they always occur in texts, hence in more or less disambiguating contexts.

Phonetische, grammatische, stilistische, kollokationelle sowie auf den Äquivalenzgrad bezogene Informationen. Denn erst wenn der Benutzer über das entsprechende zielsprachliche Äquivalent und die dazugehörigen Informationen verfügt, kann er es in seiner Kommunikation benutzen. Im Vergleich zu dem zweisprachigen Wörterbuch haben die einsprachigen Wörterbücher der Fremdsprache - um die handelt es sich ja - im Hinblick auf das Übersetzen evidente Nachteile, vgl. Kromann/Riiber/Rosbach 1984b: - sie enthalten keinen direkten Zugang zu den Äquivalenten; - sie erklären das Unbekannte in der Fremdsprache mit Hilfe der unbekannten Fremdsprache; - sie enthalten für den Benutzer überflüssige Informationen; - sie können die relevanten lexikographischen Informationen relativ zu einer bestimmten Fremdsprache nicht selektieren.

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