Translation and the Spanish Empire in the Americas by Roberto A. Valdeón

By Roberto A. Valdeón

Are the beginning issues of this e-book. at the one hand, using Doña Marina/La Malinche as an emblem of the violation of the Americas through the Spanish conquerors in addition to a metaphor of her treason to the Mexican humans. at the different, the position of the translations of Bartolomé de las Casas’s Brevísima relación de los angeles destrucción de las Indias within the construction and enlargement of the Spanish Black Legend. the writer goals to move past them through contemplating the position of translators and interpreters in the course of the early colonial interval in Spanish the USA and through taking a look at the translations of the Spanish chronicles as instrumental within the advertising of different eu empires. The booklet discusses literary, spiritual and administrative records and engages in a discussion with different disciplines that may offer a extra nuanced view of the function of translation, and of the mediators, through the debatable encounter/clash among Europeans and Amerindians.

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27 28 Translation and the Spanish Empire in the Americas Writing from the United States, Castells’s text focuses on American regions conquered by the Spanish, and even creates a new narrative: the spread of European diseases in the Americas is described as “warfare”. Here the author is referring to the epidemics that started off in the Caribbean (Cook 1993), spread across the continent (Hemming 1970, 30), and meant the deaths of large numbers of the population (Hanke 1965, 49; Murray 1994, 21), which native chroniclers like Chimalpahin also mentioned (Schroeder 1991, 34).

In 1965 the Inca chief Atahualpa became the protagonist of a Broadway play authored by British playwright Peter Shaffer, The Royal Hunt of the Sun, where the Inca ruler acquired heroic qualities (Chang-Rodríguez 1994, 117), setting him apart from the greed of the conquerors. 31 32 Translation and the Spanish Empire in the Americas And it survives in other physical spaces of great ideological significance like museums. The Mexican gallery of London’s British Museum provides us with another example of the survival of this narrative.

The presentation of Cortés and his men is a reproduction of the translated narrative of Las Casas, now rendered into visual images and media language: At the end of the hot August of 1520 – Monday, the 27th, to be precise – the German artist Albrecht Dürer paid a visit to the royal residence of the Spanish king and Holy Roman emperor, Charles V, in Brussels. ╇ Language, translation and empire laberynth and the beast-garden, taking pleasure in the creation of the humanistic civilization of Europe.

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