Translation: The Interpretive Model by Marianne Lederer

By Marianne Lederer

This e-book, the English model of los angeles traduction aujourd'hui (Hachette 1994), describes the interpretive concept of translation constructed on the Paris Ecole Supérieure d'Interprètes et de Traducteurs (ESIT) over the past 35 years.


The conception identifies the psychological and cognitive techniques excited about either oral and written translation: realizing the textual content, deverbalizing its language, re-expressing experience. For the needs of translation, languages are a method of transmitting feel, they aren't to be translated as such. even if translation includes using correspondences, translators in most cases manage equivalence among textual content segments. The synecdochic nature of either languages and texts, a phenomenon mentioned within the booklet, explains why translation is feasible throughout language differences.


The many functional difficulties confronted by way of translators, the variation among translation routines used as a language educating device translation, translating right into a overseas language, and computing device translation compared to human translation also are discussed.

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15 ‘Ce n’est pas comme toi qui continues à fumer, tu ferais bien d’en faire autant, prends-en de la graine…’ Translation: The Interpretive Model 27 what the author means to say. For this to happen, translators must want to understand and they must have the necessary knowledge to do so. Their knowledge will never be exactly the same as the author’s – neither knowledge nor experience is entirely identical from one individual to another – but it must have enough in common with the author’s knowledge to allow relevant cognitive elements to be added to the text’s linguistic explicitness, thereby preventing the sense from becoming hypothetical.

What is equivalence? Let us see how the beginning of chapter XIV of Cannery Row3 is translated: (E) Early morning is a time of magic in Cannery Row. In the grey time after the light has come and before the sun has risen, the Row seems to hang suspended out of time in a silvery light. (F) Le lever du jour est un moment magique, dans la Rue de la Sardine. Quand le soleil n’a pas encore percé l’horizon gris, la Rue paraît suspendue hors du temps, enveloppée d’une lueur d’argent. (Literally: ‘Dawn is a magical moment in Sardine Street.

After carefully going through any awkward or vague expressions, the translator would then do a comparative exercise with the original to make doubly sure that nothing has been forgotten. Finally, the translated text would be read to native speaker who has no knowledge of the original. This would be the ideal opportunity to test the ‘naturalness’ and ‘clarity’ of the translation. (translated) texte-source permet de vérifier que rien n’a été oublié. Enfin une lecture à un auditeur ayant pour langue maternelle la langue d’arrivée et ne connaissant pas du tout l’original, donne l’occasion de tester le ‘naturel’ et la ‘clarté’ de la traduction’.

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