By Olga Fischer (Ed.), Muriel Norde (Ed.), Harry Perridon (Ed.)
The elemental suggestion at the back of this quantity is to probe the character of grammaticalization. Its contributions specialize in the subsequent questions: (i) In how a long way can grammaticalization be thought of a common diachronic strategy or mechanism of switch and in how a long way is it conditioned through synchronic elements? (ii) what's the function of the speaker in grammaticalization? (iii) Does grammaticalization itself supply a reason for swap or is it an epiphenomenon, i.e. a conglomeration of causal factors/mechanisms which somewhere else happen independently? (iv) whether it is epiphenominal, how can we clarify that comparable pathways so usually take place in recognized circumstances of grammaticalization? (v) Is grammaticalization unidirectional? (vi) what's the nature of the parameters guiding grammaticalization? the general goal of the e-book is to counterpoint our knowing of what grammaticalization does or doesn't entail through special case reports together with theoretical and methodological discussions.
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Additional info for Up and down the Cline — The Nature of Grammaticalization
Here I say that B has retracted to B2 . degree of grammaticalization degree of grammaticalization 1. A1 2. A1 – A2 3. A2 – A3 4. A2 – A3 – A4 5. A4 – A5 A5 – A6 6. 1. B1 2. B1 – B2 3. B2 – B3 4. B2 – B3 – B4 5. B2 – B3 B2 6. t t Figure 2. Rightward expansion Figure 3. 18 (34) Martin Haspelmath degree of grammaticalization 1. C1 2. C1 – C2 3. C2 – C3 4. C3 – C4 5. C2 – C3 6. C1 – C2 Figure 4. Leftward expansion (= Antigrammaticalization) But crucially, it has not expanded leftward. Such an example is seen in Figure 4, where the element C first grammaticalizes and then (at stage 5 and 6) antigrammaticalizes.
Tuite et al. ), Papers from the 18th Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society (April 15–16, 1982) (pp. 282–294). Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society. Kuryłowicz, Jerzy (1965/1975). “The Evolution of Grammatical Categories”. Diogenes, 51, 55–71. (Reprint in: Esquisses linguistiques, Vol. II, 38–54. ) Lass, Roger (2000). ” In Fischer et al. ), 207–227. Lazzeroni, Romano (1998). ” In Giuliano Bernini et al. ), Ars Linguistica: Studi offerti a Paolo Ramat (pp. 275–283). Roma: Bulzoni. Lehmann, Christian (1993).
In all these areas we are far from really understanding language change. ” But this is exactly what is claimed by grammaticalizationists. Even if there is no single universally accepted explanatory architecture for grammaticalization yet, we have made a lot of progress in understanding the dynamic of grammaticalization. At the very least we have thorough cross-linguistic documentation, and a strong generalization, unidirectionality. . Antigrammaticalization and “degrammaticalization” My third main point is that most cases of “degrammaticalization” that are cited in the literature do not show the reversal of grammaticalization, but something else.